The geographical location of Afghanistan and years of environmental degradation in the country make Afghanistan highly prone to intense and recurring natural hazards such as flooding, earthquakes, snow avalanches, landslides, and droughts. These occur in addition to man-made disasters resulting in the frequent loss of live, livelihoods, and property. Since 1980, disasters caused by natural hazards have affected 9 million people and caused over 20,000 fatalities in Afghanistan. The understanding and accessibility of hazard, exposure, vulnerability and risk information is key for effective management of disaster risk. Currently, the government of Afghanistan has limited information regarding current and future disaster risk and the effectiveness of policy options on which to base their reconstruction and risk reduction decisions.
The World Bank and Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) are supporting the development of new risk information in Afghanistan, as well as a first-order analysis of the costs and benefits of resilient reconstruction and risk reduction strategies. The main objectives of the project are:
- To develop new information on current and future risks fluvial floods, flash floods, droughts, landslides, snow avalanches and seismic hazards in the country of Afghanistan.
- To propose resilient reconstruction and risk reduction options based and to estimate associated costs and benefits